Upcoming Events
  • 2017 High School Senior Assistance
    Through the Academic Year

    Enrolled Wichita tribal members may apply for assistance with senior pictures, graduation announcements, and/or a class ring.

    More information can be found here.

    Application- One Two

  • Annual Meeting
    July 15, 2017

    The 2017 Annual Meeting will be held on Saturday, July 15, 2017 beginning at 10:00 a.m.  An agenda will be posted in the upcoming months.  Please mark your calendars. 

  • Wichita Annual Dance
    August 10-13, 2017

    More information to come in the upcoming months. 

Wichita Language
kasiʔincʔa
ball
More Wichita Words
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Wichita Tribes Blog
  • Wichita Tribal Princess Applications
    May 9, 2017 10:01 PM

    Wichita Tribal Princess Wichita Tribal Director Tara Tartsah Clark is accepting applications for young women seeking the title of 2017-2018 Wichita Tribal Princess.   Applicants must be between the ages of 15 and 21 years old, enrolled member of the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes.   Deadline will be May 31, 2017, you must submit a […]

  • Dairy Freeze Specials Week of 05/01/17
    May 1, 2017 4:34 PM

  • Wichita Princess Dance
    May 1, 2017 4:25 PM

  • AoA Menu-May 2017
    May 1, 2017 4:24 PM

  • Rabies Clinic
    May 1, 2017 4:24 PM

  • Wichita Tribe Summer Intern Program
    April 14, 2017 1:34 PM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes is currently accepting applications from enrolled Wichita Tribal members who are interested in participating in the summer intern program located at the Wichita Tribal complex.  This program is established for Wichita graduating seniors and Tribal college students that will be attending college in the fall of 2017.  This will be […]

  • ELDER LAWN MOWING PROGRAM-APPLICATIONS AVAILABLE 
    April 14, 2017 1:30 PM

    2017 cutting grass season has begun. Cutting began April 10, 2017 but applications are still available. If you would like more information about the Elders Lawn Service, please contact Aldelzon Saldana at (405)247-2425 or email at maintenance@wichitatribe.com.

  • Wichita Tribal Member, Adrian Labrada, Signs with USAO for Cross Country
    April 14, 2017 1:21 PM

    On April 11, 2017, Wichita Tribal Member, Adrain Labrada, signed with USAO to run cross-country. Adrian is graduating senior at Anadarko High School and is very active in sports. Congratulations Adrian! We will have more about Adrian in our upcoming April newspaper. Front row: (Nephew) Jeremiah Beaver, (Mother) Crystal LaBrada, (Signee) Adrian LaBrada (Wichita Tribal […]

  • Vacancy Announcement-Grant Writer/Compliance Officer
    April 14, 2017 1:01 PM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes accepting applications for Grant Writer/Compliance Officer. Applications available at the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes or www.wichitatribe.com. For information call (405) 247-2425. Indian Preference applies. Closing date is April 28, 2017 at 5 p.m.    

  • Sugar Creek Casino Job Postings
    April 14, 2017 12:59 PM

Days of Darkness: 1820-1934

"Generation after generation the corn was to be used. And if the time should come that they planted corn and something else than corn came up, it would be a sign that the end of the world was at hand." - Tawakoni Jim in The Mythology of the Wichita, 1904

Although European settlements introduced new types of goods to the Wichitas, they also brought highly contagious diseases. At the same time, hostilities increased as eastern tribes were removed to Indian Territory. As such turmoil cast a lengthening shadow over the land, the Wichitas lost many people. In 1820, the once populous Wichitas, Wacos, Tawakonis, Taovayas, and Kichais were estimated at no more than 1400 persons. Truly the "days of darkness" had begun.

This trend continued even with the signing of the first American-Wichita treaty at Camp Holmes in 1835. There can be no doubt about the sincerity of the Wichitas who persuaded their Comanche allies to attend and sign this agreement which recognized their right to their traditional homeland. This treaty also contains the first official usage of the name "Wichita" for the Wichita, Waco, and Tawakoni people.

After the Texas Republic was established in 1836, the Wichitas were forced to defend their lands against the intrusions of white settlers. Not until 1855, after Texas joined the United States, was a reservation for the Wichitas established on the Brazos River. However, continued hostilities from neighboring settlers led to the Wichita removal from Texas to lands on the Washita River. There they joined their northern relatives in what is now west-central Oklahoma.

Although a reservation and agency were established, the Wichita people were not able to remain in this land. In 1863, they were forced by Confederate troops to leave their reservation and flee north to Kansas. While in Kansas from 1863 to 1867, the Wichitas had no land to farm and few friends to help them in their time of trouble. Many people starved. Others suffered from smallpox and cholera epidemics that swept through their villages. Only 822 people returned to Indian Territory in 1867.

Traditional Wichita religion encompassed a belief in the supernatural powers of elements of the earth and the sky. Animals often appeared to men in dreams or revelations to become lifelong guardian spirits.

Once settled on the reservation, some became members of the churches established by Christian missionaries. Others turned to the peyote religion, later chartered as the Native American Church, which combined elements of traditional and Christian beliefs. Many Wichitas took up the Ghost Dance religion of the 1890's. They believed in the prophecy of Wovoka, a Paiute from Walker Lake, Nevada. According to Wovoka, people would be reunited with their dead friends and relatives in a land of plentiful game where there would be neither sickness nor death.

Government agents worked to destroy the Ghost Dance religion as well as other elements of Wichita culture. Children were placed in boarding schools where they were forbidden to speak their own language. Even the reservation established in 1872 was not to remain theirs. Led by Tawakoni Jim, the Wichita resisted the breaking up of their assigned lands. However, in 1900 their reservation was divided into allotments of 160 acres per person with the remainder declared "surplus lands" and opened to settlement. Allotment brought about the final destruction of the Wichitas' grass house villages and their communal way of life.

Next: A New Beginning