Upcoming Events
  • Week of the Young Child
    April 27, 2017

    8:45 am to 2:00 pm

    Flyer 

  • 2017 High School Senior Assistance
    Through the Academic Year

    Enrolled Wichita tribal members may apply for assistance with senior pictures, graduation announcements, and/or a class ring.

    More information can be found here.

    Application- One Two

  • Annual Meeting
    July 15, 2017

    The 2017 Annual Meeting will be held on Saturday, July 15, 2017 beginning at 10:00 a.m.  An agenda will be posted in the upcoming months.  Please mark your calendars. 

  • Wichita Annual Dance
    August 10-13, 2017

    More information to come in the upcoming months. 

Wichita Language
wí:koʔ
Waco
More Wichita Words
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Wichita Tribes Blog
  • Wichita Tribe Summer Intern Program
    April 14, 2017 1:34 PM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes is currently accepting applications from enrolled Wichita Tribal members who are interested in participating in the summer intern program located at the Wichita Tribal complex.  This program is established for Wichita graduating seniors and Tribal college students that will be attending college in the fall of 2017.  This will be […]

  • ELDER LAWN MOWING PROGRAM-APPLICATIONS AVAILABLE 
    April 14, 2017 1:30 PM

    2017 cutting grass season has begun. Cutting began April 10, 2017 but applications are still available. If you would like more information about the Elders Lawn Service, please contact Aldelzon Saldana at (405)247-2425 or email at maintenance@wichitatribe.com.

  • Wichita Tribal Member, Adrian Labrada, Signs with USAO for Cross Country
    April 14, 2017 1:21 PM

    On April 11, 2017, Wichita Tribal Member, Adrain Labrada, signed with USAO to run cross-country. Adrian is graduating senior at Anadarko High School and is very active in sports. Congratulations Adrian! We will have more about Adrian in our upcoming April newspaper. Front row: (Nephew) Jeremiah Beaver, (Mother) Crystal LaBrada, (Signee) Adrian LaBrada (Wichita Tribal […]

  • Vacancy Announcement-Grant Writer/Compliance Officer
    April 14, 2017 1:01 PM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes accepting applications for Grant Writer/Compliance Officer. Applications available at the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes or www.wichitatribe.com. For information call (405) 247-2425. Indian Preference applies. Closing date is April 28, 2017 at 5 p.m.    

  • Sugar Creek Casino Job Postings
    April 14, 2017 12:59 PM

  • Wichita Song Class
    April 14, 2017 12:58 PM

    The Wichita song class will meet at 7:00pm, Monday, April 17th in the portable building at the Wichita Tribal Complex. The class is open to enrolled and descendant Wichita males of all ages. Instruction will be provided by Jimmy Reeder. For more information you may contact Gary McAdams at (405)247-2425, Ext. 169.

  • WDEP Earth Day 2017
    April 12, 2017 3:02 PM

  • Wichitas to Conduct Archaeology Workshop
    April 12, 2017 3:01 PM

    The Wichita Cultural Education Program (WCEP) in partnership with the University of Oklahoma and the Oklahoma Archaeological Survey are excited to announce their upcoming workshop series for young adults focused on Wichita heritage and archaeology. Come join us Sunday, May 14th from 1:00-3:00pm as we explore the tools and methods used by archaeologists. These will […]

  • Wichita Hymn Class
    April 11, 2017 9:13 PM

    Wichita Hymn Class The Wichita Cultural Education Program will be sponsoring a Wichita hymn class beginning April 13th. The class will meet at 7:30pm in the portable building at the Wichita Tribal Complex and is open to enrolled and descendant Wichitas of all ages. Instruction will be provided by Jimmy Reeder. For more information you […]

  • WCEP to Co-Sponsor 2nd Annual Easter Hand Game
    April 6, 2017 10:06 PM

    WCEP to Co-Sponsor 2nd Annual Easter Hand Game The Wichita Cultural Education Program will co-sponsor with the Wichita Young Men’s Society and the Wichita Little Sisters the 2nd Annual Easter Hand Game on April 8, 2017. Activities will begin with a potluck meal at 6:00 PM followed by the hand game. Between games Wichita songs […]

In the Beginning: 1540-1750

"Wichita Memories" portrays the culture and history of the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, whose ancestors have lived in the Central and Southern Plains since prehistoric times. These once numerous people are known to historians as the Wichitas, Wacos, Taovayas, Tawakonis, and Kichais.

"After the man and woman were made they dreamed that things were made for them, and when they woke they had the things of which they had dreamed . . . The woman was given an ear of corn . . . It was to be the food of the people that should exist in the future, to be used generation after generation." - Tawakoni Jim in The Mythology of the Wichita, 1904

Wichita legends tell us that the history of their people forms a cycle. With the world's creation, the gifts of corn and the bow and arrow were bestowed upon the people by the spirits of the first man and woman, Morning Star and the Moon. The cycle is complete with the days of darkness, when the earth becomes barren. Just as disaster seems eminent, the cycle begins again and the world is renewed through the new creation.

Archaeologists believe that the heritage of the Wichitas may be traced back at least 800 years to the Washita River culture of central and western Oklahoma. Living along fertile valleys, these people resided in small villages of rectangular, mud plastered houses. Nearby were small gardens where women tilled and weeded corn, beans, and squash with hoes of buffalo leg and shoulder bones. Buffalo, elk, deer, and small game were hunted. Wild plants were collected for foods, medicines, and rituals. Tools were made from readily available stone, wood, bone, and antler. Between A.D. 1350 and 1450, some Washita River people began to build larger villages with circular grass houses, some of which were fortified. Others apparently moved northward to the Great Bend of the Arkansas, a land known to later Spanish explorers as Quivira.

When first encountered by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in 1541, the Quiviran ancestors of the Wichitas were following a way of life that continued into the eighteenth century. Near their large grass house villages, women tilled their gardens while the men hunted buffalo and other game. Trade was extensive and included commodities such as glazed paint pottery, turquoise pendants, and shell beads from the Puebloan villages of New Mexico as well as bois d'arc and engraved pottery from Caddo settlements of northeastern Texas.

With the Spanish settlement of New Mexico and the arrival of French hunters and traders in the Mississippi Valley, the lives of the Wichita were profoundly affected. By acquiring horses from the Spanish colonies, the Wichitas were to follow herds of buffalo over a much wider range and to hunt them more efficiently. From the French towns in Louisiana, metal hoes, guns, and buckets reached the Wichitas. In some cases, these goods were used by the Wichitas in their own daily tasks. However, others were used to maintain or establish trading ties with such recently arrived Southern Plains peoples as the Comanches.

Next: People of the Grass House